Paris Agreement in Nigeria
Meanwhile, Climate Action Tracker, an independent scientific analysis platform, has revealed a set of priorities and commitments set out in Nigeria`s NDCs that are considered inconsistent with the 2015 Paris Agreement. First, it must bring the Climate Protection Act into force. In this way, it would adapt to the part of the Paris Agreement that provides for national legislation to combat climate change. Under this agreement, adopted at the 21st Conference of the Parties to the United Nations (UN), also known as COP21, countries committed to reducing global warming (global temperature increase) to well below 2°C, or better yet, to 1.5°C above pre-industrial levels – a period before the Industrial Revolution, while the burning of fossil fuels had not yet changed the climate. As a party to the Paris Agreement, Nigeria signed the agreement in 2017 and, as part of its NDCs, has committed to unconditionally reduce its carbon emissions by 20% by 2030 or conditionally by 45% with international support. Prior to the signing of the Paris Agreement in 2017, Nigeria had been a signatory to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) since 1994. It is an international environmental agreement that aims to keep greenhouse gases in the atmosphere at levels that would not be harmful to the environment. In addition, Nigeria wants to revive its coal sector if other African countries aim to phase out coal by 2034. This decision by the Nigerian government is also not in line with the Paris Agreement, as an extension to coal-fired power would not be compatible with climate goals. Nigeria has acceded to the Paris Agreement, the international agreement to combat climate change. It ratified the agreement in 2017.
It has committed to reducing its greenhouse gas emissions by 20% by 2030, compared to “status quo” levels. This commitment increases to 45% on condition of international support. He also stressed that Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs), which were at the heart of the Paris Agreement, anchor the achievement of the country`s long-term goals and embody the country`s efforts to reduce its domestic emissions. However, the NDC did not have clear information on the net zero target, so Nigeria`s target should be considered inconsistent with the Paris Agreement. In 2020, former Environment Minister Mohammad Abubakar said the Nigerian government had adopted measures to combat climate change. He noted that one such effort to comply with the Paris Agreement is Nigeria`s tree planting project, which aims to combat deforestation, create more forests and limit land degradation. The country must take action against the rate of deforestation. Forests serve as carbon sinks and have the ability to absorb carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. According to the Paris Agreement, countries must maintain and improve sinks and reservoirs of greenhouse gases. Countries covered by the agreement should also be transparent, maintain greenhouse gas emission inventories, monitor and report on their efforts, and make progress towards the goals of the Paris Agreement. Also on the fifth anniversary of the Paris Agreement, co-organized by the ministry and the Petroleum Technology Development Fund (PTDF), Abubakar said the federal government has taken several measures, such as.B.
financing green projects across the country in various sectors of the economy; all with the aim of fulfilling the obligations arising from the Paris Agreement. Nigeria was among the first group of countries to submit its final report on NDCs for 2021 to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) on 30 July before the 30 July submission deadline. However, three days before the conference, there are questions about the country`s willingness to fully adapt to the agreement. Nevertheless, the country is working to meet its obligations under the Paris Agreement. According to its NDCs, the country has an ambitious renewable energy target by 2030, which aims to create green jobs and support solar home systems. However, there is a growing need for more concerted action. With Nigeria`s establishment of its NDCs as outlined in the Paris Agreement, there are still factors that show that Nigeria needs to step up its climate action when it comes to doing business. The report further showed that Nigeria`s energy sector plans contradict the Paris Agreement because it depends on fossil fuels, which the country still wants to exploit for development. The records show that Nigeria`s updated national contribution is not in line with the 1.5-degree benchmark of the Paris Agreement – an international climate change treaty adopted in 2015 to ensure climate change mitigation, adaptation and financing.
The Paris Agreement is an international agreement adopted in Paris, the capital of France, by 196 countries, including Nigeria, to combat the climate crisis. At the summit convened by Biden, Buhari reaffirmed Nigeria`s commitment to the Paris Climate Agreement, which was adopted by almost every country in the world in 2015 to combat climate change and its negative impacts. .