Eu Aviation Agreement
The CAA has made it clear since the EU referendum that it considers the most positive outcome for UK consumers and the aviation industry as one where the UK continues to participate in the EASA system, while retaining the existing mutual recognition schemes between the UK and EASA member states. The EU has also signed comprehensive air transport agreements with the Western Balkans, Morocco, Jordan, Moldova, Georgia, Israel and, more recently, Ukraine. 4. Negotiate bilateral agreements with individual Member States The agreement will further align Armenian legislation with EU aviation rules and standards in areas such as aviation safety, air traffic management, safety, environment, economic regulation, competition, consumer protection and social aspects. The ECAA agreements were signed on 5 September. In May 2006, the EU signed in Salzburg, Austria, between the EU and certain third countries. It built on the acquis communautaire of the EU and the European Economic Area. The ECAA liberalises the aviation industry by allowing any airline from any ECAA Member State to fly between airports in ECAA Member States, thus allowing a “foreign” airline to offer domestic flights. The EU has concluded a Common Aviation Area Agreement with Armenia to support better connectivity and improve trade opportunities between Armenia. At the same time, the EU`s negotiating mandate makes it clear that a more comprehensive air transport agreement would be conditional on the UK complying with certain provisions on an equal footing.
However, according to the National Court of Auditors, the Ministry of Transport had been working on 28 Brexit projects as of March 2019. This included the development and implementation of contingency plans for bilateral air services agreements and emergency requirements for EASA, as well as legislation, borders and political and negotiation strategies, as well as the replacement of air transport agreements and security arrangements with third countries. On 9 June 2006, the ECAA Agreement was signed by almost all 27 EU members, the European Union itself, Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Iceland, Montenegro, North Macedonia, Norway, Serbia and Kosovo (UNMIK as Kosovo`s representative under Security Council Resolution 1244). The last two EU Member States to sign it were Slovakia and Latvia on 13 June 2006 and 22 June 2006 respectively. In addition, Serbia signed on 29 June 2006 and Montenegro on 5 July 2006. The ECAA was established in 2006 as an extension of the internal aviation market and is overseen by the European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA), whose legislation is enforced by the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU). During the transition period, the UK will continue to be represented at EASA by the Civil Aviation Authority (CAA), but will no longer play a formal role in decision-making. The aviation sector is an important part of the UK economy, contributing £52 billion to the UK`s gross domestic product (GDP) in 2016 and supporting nearly one million jobs. Flights to or from Europe accounted for 63% of all passengers transiting through UK airports in 2016. Andrew Haines, director general of the Civil Aviation Authority (CAA), suggested that the UK might be able to negotiate individually with ECAA member states if no deal can be reached with the EU as a whole. This could allow the UK to circumvent some EU rules and even the case law of the CJEU. The question of Gibraltar could also be circumvented if no agreement was reached with Spain.
However, it is not clear whether this is compatible with EU law. Moreover, it would be extremely complex and time-consuming to conclude agreements that offer the nine freedoms. The agreement means that all EU airlines will be able to operate direct flights from anywhere in the EU to any airport in Armenia and vice versa for Armenian airlines. In addition, all restrictions and restrictions on flights between Armenia and the EU will be lifted and rules on open and fair competition will ensure a level playing field. A system similar to that of air transport agreements should be concluded with the Mediterranean partnership countries. The Euro-Mediterranean Air Transport Agreement (EMAA) was signed on 12 December 2006 with the Kingdom of Morocco on 15 December 2010 with the Kingdom of Jordan on 10 June 2013 with Israel.  These EMAA agreements are in force. The Common Aviation Area (CAA) focuses on the gradual opening of the market between the EU and its neighbours through the progressive application of EU aviation rules. Transport Commissioner Adina Vălean said: “The agreement signed today will enable the EU and Armenia to strengthen their aviation relations through gradual market integration. This is an important step in our strategy to strengthen cooperation with our neighbours. Under the agreement, all restrictions and restrictions on flights between the EU and Armenia will be lifted. The Common Aviation Area Agreements have been opened to members of the EU`s Eastern Partnership.
Georgia signed a cooperation agreement between the Czech Republic on 2 December 2010 and Moldova on 26 June 2012.  Ukraine concluded an agreement on paca in November 2013.  These CAA agreements are in force. . . .