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Cyprus Ceasefire Agreement


Crisis phase (21 December 1963 – 20 January 1964): Turkish Cypriots and Greek Cypriots clashed in Nicosia on 21 December 1963, killing three people. Greek and Turkish troops and aircraft were mobilized on December 24, 1963 to support the Greek and Turkish Cypriots in and around Nicosia. The governments of Great Britain, Greece and Turkey jointly offered their good offices on 24 December 1963, and the parties agreed on 25 December 1963 on an armistice facilitated by Great Britain, Greece and Turkey. On the 26th. In December 1963, the three countries (Britain, Greece and Turkey) sent the Joint Truce Force (JTF), consisting of about 7,800 troops from Britain (6,000), Greece (1,000) and Turkey (800) under the command of Major-General Peter Young of Great Britain, to monitor the armistice and maintain law and order. The governments of Great Britain, Greece and Turkey facilitated negotiations between Greek Cypriot and Turkish Cypriot representatives in London, which began on 15 January 1964. About 150 people were killed during the crisis. At one point, Scali deplored the blockade tactics of the Soviet Union, which supported Turkey`s intervention against the coup. The US delegate said it was to “delay a call for a ceasefire. The United Kingdom reached an agreement with the Ottomans to lease Cyprus and effectively became the island`s managing authority. According to an intermunicipal survey conducted by the United Nations Education and Defence Force, a federal settlement is the only proposal that would be supported by a majority in both communities, and both accept the 2006 agreement.

In Zurich and London, an agreement on the independence of Cyprus was concluded between Turkey, Greece, Great Britain and the Cypriot communities (led by Makarios for the Greek Cypriots and Fazyl Küçük for the Turkish Cypriots). A Council press release welcomed the dismantling of the fence and called for the immediate implementation of the 2006 agreement on bi-municipal working groups and technical committees. This had no effect on the soil. Greek Cypriot President Tassos Papadopoulos has made it clear that the border crossing on Ledra Street will not be opened if Turkish troops stationed on the other side do not withdraw. The agreement is in line with UN Security Council Resolution 353, which calls for the withdrawal of all unauthorized troops and aims to restore the terms of the peace agreed in Nicosia in 1960, which established independence and power-sharing. Cyprus said the strategic agreement signed by the UK with Turkey on cooperation in the field of terrorism, cultural and economic support and EU membership could promote separate relations between the Turkish Cypriot “secessionist unity” and the rest of the world and could jeopardise the implementation of the 2006 agreement. The UN Security Council then adopted the above-mentioned declaration by Resolution 355. When the coup broke out, Turkish forces advanced to capture about 37 percent of the island and strike the “Green Line.” The winding buffer zone marks the southernmost points occupied by Turkish troops during the Turkish invasion of Cyprus in August 1974 and stretches between the armistice lines of the Cypriot National Guard and the Turkish Army, which de facto divides Cyprus in two and runs through the capital Nicosia. With the self-proclamation of the internationally recognized “Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus”, the buffer zone became its de facto southern border.

[Citation needed] The parties adopted a four-point agreement that provides for an independent, non-aligned and bicommunal Federal Republic. Territorial jurisdiction would be determined by economic viability and land ownership. The central government would be given the power to ensure the unity of the state, and issues of freedom of movement and establishment, property and other issues would be resolved at a later date. The approved text, drawn up during long and sometimes fierce disagreements between the major powers, calls for the immediate withdrawal of foreign military personnel from Cyprus. M. Safronchuk, in turn, accused that it was the United States that dared to reach an agreement by insisting on a provision that Greece and Turkey join forces with Britain to negotiate “immediately restore peace to the region.” The Under-Secretary-General for Political Affairs, Ibrahim Gambari, recommended a timetable for the implementation of the agreement of 8. In July, among other things, the two sides are expected to meet with a Senior Representative of the Secretary-General in the first quarter of 2007 to assess progress and prospects for a full resumption of his good offices. Post-conflict phase (August 17, 1974 to present): President Markarios was brought back to power on December 7, 1974. In February 1975, the United States imposed military sanctions (arms embargo) on Turkey after the proclamation of a Turkish Cypriot federated state. United Nations Secretary-General Kurt Waldheim established a good offices mission for Cyprus on 28 April 1975 and appointed Javier Perez de Cuellar of Peru as His Special Representative for Cyprus on 18 September 1975. On 20 November 1975, the United Nations General Assembly called for the withdrawal of foreign forces from Cyprus.

Parliamentary elections were held on 5 September 1976 and the Democratic Front won 21 of the 35 seats in the House of Representatives. AKEL won nine seats in the House of Representatives. On 12 February 1977, President Markarios and Turkish Cypriot leader Rauf Denktas signed a United Nations-backed agreement confirming that a future Cypriot settlement would be based on a federation. President Markarios died on August 3, 1977, and Spyros Kyprianou was appointed interim president. Parliamentary elections were held on 24 May 1981 and AKEL won 12 of the 35 seats in the House of Representatives. The Democratic Assembly (Dimokratikos Sinagermos-DS) also won 12 seats in the House of Representatives. UN Secretary-General Kurt Waldheim completed his mission of good offices in Cyprus at the end of his second term as UN Secretary-General on 31 December 1981. UN Secretary-General Javier Perez de Cuellar launched a good offices mission to Cyprus in January 1982. The Turkish Cypriots proclaimed the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (TRNC) on 15 November 1983.

Parliamentary elections were held on 8 December 1985 and the Democratic Rally (Dimokratikos Sinagermos-DS) won 19 of the 56 seats in the House of Representatives. The DP Democratic Party won 16 seats in the House of Representatives. Parliamentary elections were held on 19 May 1991 and the Democratic Rally (Dimokratikos Sinagermos-DS) won 20 of the 56 seats in the House of Representatives. AKEL won 18 seats in the House of Representatives. United Nations Secretary-General Javier Perez de Cuellar ended his mission of good offices in Cyprus on 31 December 1991, at the end of his second term as Secretary-General of the United Nations. United Nations Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali launched a good offices mission to Cyprus on 3 April 1992. Glafkos Clerides of the Democratic Coalition Movement (Dimokratikos Sinagermos-DS) was elected President on 14 February 1993 in a second round with 50% of the vote and was sworn in as President on 28 February 1993. From March 27, 1964 to March 31, 1964. In March 1996, 167 United Nations personnel were killed in Cyprus. From 17 to 20 January 1994, the Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU) sent a fact-finding mission of three members (Egypt, Finland, Ireland) led by Mr. Ferris of Ireland to investigate the situation in Cyprus. Parliamentary elections were held on 26 May 1996 and the Democratic Rally (Dimokratikos Sinagermos-DS) won 20 of the 56 seats in the House of Representatives.

AKEL won 19 seats in the House of Representatives. United Nations Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali completed his mission of good offices in Cyprus at the end of his first term on 31 December 1996. Glafcos Clerides of the DS was elected president in the second round of the presidential elections on 15 February 1998 with 50.8% of the vote. United Nations Secretary-General Kofi Annan launched a good offices mission to Cyprus and appointed Alvaro de Soto of Peru as His Special Envoy to Cyprus on 1 November 1999. Parliamentary elections were held on 27th September. In May 2001, the Progressive Workers` Party (Anorthotikon Komma Ergazomenou Laou-AKEL) won a majority of 20 of the 59 seats in the House of Representatives. The Democratic Assembly (Dimokratikos Sinagermos-DS) won 19 seats in the House of Representatives. United Nations Secretary-General Kofi Annan presented a peace proposal to the parties on 11 November 2002. Tassos Papadopoulos of the Democratic Party (Dimokratikon Komma-DK) was elected President on 16th February 2003 with 51.5% of the vote. Parliamentary elections were held in the TRNC on 15 December 2003 and the Turkish Republican Party (Cumhuriyetci Turk Partisi-CTP) won 19 of the 50 seats in the Assembly of the Republic.

The Greek Cypriots rejected the United Nations peace proposal (“Annan Plan”) in a referendum on 24 April 2004 with 76 per cent of the vote, and the Turkish Cypriots approved the peace proposal with 65 per cent of the vote. .

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