Agreement of past

1. In the case of verbs that are usually conjugated with being (the so-called “verbs of movement”; see auxiliary words), the past participle coincides with the subject in number and gender: in this case, the leg comes before the verb and therefore the past partizip is feminine, although the subject it is masculine. In the previous section, we found that past participation coincides with the theme of reflexive verbs. But in fact, we could say that it coincides with the direct object, since the whole point of a reflexive verb is that the subject and the object are essentially “the same”. So, in a case like: First of all, the “what” question. When we say that the past section “coincides”, we mean that, just like a normal adjective, it changes form depending on whether it is masculine or feminine, singular or plural. We found that native French speakers in the everyday language are not inclined to enter into participatory agreements made with having when they are the norm in formal writing. The same goes for reflexive verbs. For example, the formal written form of this sentence has a past participle correspondence with the direct subject: learn more about French grammar with us. Do you still have difficulties with “The agreement of the past participle in composite times”? Do you want to improve your French? Try our online French lessons and get a free placement! In some expressions, such as doing + infinitive, leaving + infinitive, realizing and others, the place of the direct object is held by an infinitive or other complement that always follows the main verb. As a general rule, no agreement is reached in these expressions. In everyday French life and with reflexive verbs, the partizip of the past sometimes becomes feminine and / or plural Tips to learn “The agreement of the past participle in compound times”? Share them with us! However, if the direct object complement happens to be EN, there is no agreement.

5) In the case of semifinal verbs, there is no correspondence with the direct object, since the object always belongs to the infinitive, not to the semifinal verb. This is the simplest case. With normal (i.e. non-reflexive) verbs that assume to be, past participation always coincides with the subject. So: She cut off her hand. (She cut off her hand.) [The hand is the direct object (here becomes an indirect object pronoun that indicates which hand has been cut). Since the hand is not preceded by the participle, there is no correspondence.] Note that none of the verbs in this category (with the exception of hatching > hatching) have past participles that end in a consonant. In other words, the “correspondence” of these verbs basically applies only to the written language. [Who/what is washed?” > “They.” So the subject is the receiver of action, there is unity.] A number of common verbs have an irregular parplii of the past, the forms of which are worth remembering: in the compound past, the participation of the past remains masculine and singular. [Who/what is washed?” > “hands.” “Hands” is the direct object and is defined after the verb, no match.] If there is a direct object that is the recipient of the action, then the rules of correspondence are the same as in have: the past participle corresponds to the direct object when it is in front of the verb and disagrees when placed after it. So, basically, this is good news when it comes to spoken language. In everyday French, past participles rarely change their pronunciation.

At the GCSE level, the most important partizip of the past to which its pronunciation changes is, in fact, that of the reflexive verb to sit (sitting), which will sit > sitting. The last “s” is not pronounced in the masculine form, but in the feminine form (like a z sound). Subject-verb correspondence means that your verb must be conjugated or modified to match (or agree) with the subject. Subjects can be singular or plural. Consider the singular and plural as mathematical concepts: singular = 1; Plural = 2 or more. But the verbs to have need agreement in a very specific construction: the past participle must correspond to the direct object if it precedes the verb. Remember that every sentence you write must have a correspondence between its subject and the verb. Many people want to abolish the direct object agreement – what do you think? Read the article and chat on Facebook: Compound past is a time commonly used to refer to a completed action, event, etc. in the near past. In the French spoken, it often replaces the simple past (history of the past).

2. In the case of verbs that are usually conjugated with have, the participation of the past never coincides with the subject. However, he will agree with any previous direct object. So, nuance: some verbs can be used with direct objects, in this case they are conjugated with have (see auxiliary words). When these verbs are conjugated with have, they conform to the agreement rule for have verbs (below). .

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